Aims and overview

The reduction of fossil fuel consumption and of CO2 emission is one of the key challenges for the next decades. Hydrocarbon-based chemical fuels are currently the dominant form of energy storage, due to their high energy density. These fuels can still be part of a renewable energy driven system, as long as the CO2 emitted into the atmosphere by burning them is recaptured and recycled. PREMiERE explores a course of action where the excess electrical power produced by solar or wind generators is converted and stored into hydrocarbon fuels, thus replacing fossil fuels by renewable fuels!

  • Electron kinetics

  • Vibrational energy input and relaxation

  • Up-pumping of vibration quanta

  • Surface phenomena

  • Global picture and model validation

Main activities:
Partners and people

Partner institutions

IST     IPFN     DIFFER     TU/e     LPP

Consultants

Annemie Bogaerts     Nikolay Britun     Olivier Guaitella     Richard Engeln     Richard van de Sanden     Stefan Welzel  

Staff

Vasco Guerra     Carlos Pintassilgo     Carlos Silva  

Luís Lemos Alves     Mário Lino da Silva     Nuno Pinhão

Tiago Silva

Students

Carlos Teixeira     Marija Grofulovic     Polina Ogloblina

Loann Terraz     Duarte Nina

The limiting step in the process is CO2 dissociation. This is a strongly endothermic process, which makes it difficult to activate CO2 efficiently by conventional thermal and catalytic reaction processes. Nonequilibrium plasma technologies are in a good position to give the answer to this problem. In short, the nonequilibrium nature of plasma allows for

energetically efficient CO2 dissociation, with input of vibrational quanta in low levels and subsequent pumping during relaxation. The specific aim of 

PREMiERE is to acquire a deep understanding of dissociation of CO2 by nonequilibrium plasmas, in order to achieve its control and optimization.

PREMiERE consists on a thorough theoretical and simulation investigation of all the steps involved in plasma decomposition of CO2. The work will be done in close collaboration with several foreign laboratories, who have important experimental facilities and will conduct a series of measurement campaigns that complement the theoretical investigation

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